Buccleuch Estate Rentals

covering the years 1630 -1833

Large parts of the rural south of Scotland have been part of the estates owned by the Dukes of Buccleuch for hundreds of years. Rental rolls for the different estates provide more than just a list of tenants. Family relationships are sometimes highlighted within the rolls or can be deduced through tenancy succession. These documents have been carefully transcribed by Relatively Scottish from the original rental rolls held in both the National Records of Scotland and in private Buccleuch hands.

See my Blog Post on Buccleuch Estate Maps HERE

As of March 2024, the following Buccleuch Rental Rolls are available:

Canonbie Farm Rental 1630 Approx. 70 tenants

Canonbie Farm Rental 1683-1684 Approx. 100 tenants and rental values

Canonbie Farm Rental 1701-1702 Approx. 100 tenants and rental values

Canonbie Farm Rental 1710 Approx. 150 tenants and values. Rents are quoted in Sterling for the first time. Here’s a small section of the original document for reference

Canonbie Farm Rental 1738-1739 About 170 tenants included. 3 pages.

Canonbie Farm Rental 1766-1767 About 200 tenancies included.

Canonbie Estate Rental 1792-1793 lists about 250 tenants of both farms and individual houses, Includes not only farm tenants but cottagers as well. 12 pages.

Canonbie Estate Rental 1814-1815 lists about 200 tenants of both farms and individual houses. Indexed by location.

Canonbie Estate Rental 1833 lists about 200 tenants of both farms and individual houses. Indexed by location.

Bundle of ALL Canonbie Rentals 1630-1833 All 9 of the Canonbie Rental documents available on this site (1630, 1683-84, 1701-02, 1710, 1738-39, 1766-1767, 1792-93, 1814-15, 1833) available as a bundle (zip file) for a special price. What is notable when comparing these rentals is the way that successive generations of a family often inherited the tenancy of a particular farm.

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Barony of Drumlanrig Rental 1710 Includes hundreds of tenants across the parishes of Closeburn, Durisdeer, Morton, Penpont, Tynron and the ancient parish of Kirkbryde (now Durisdeer). This rental precedes the establishment of the village of Thornhill.

Barony of Drumlanrig Rental 1763-1764 Includes hundreds of tenants across the parishes of Closeburn, Durisdeer, Keir, Morton, Penpont and Tynron and all the householders in the village of Thornhill.

Barony of Drumlanrig Rental 1769-1770 Includes hundreds of tenants across the parishes of Closeburn, Durisdeer, Keir, Morton, Penpont and Tynron and all the householders in the village of Thornhill.

Barony of Drumlanrig Rental 1794-1795 Includes hundreds of tenants across the parishes of Closeburn, Durisdeer, Keir, Morton, Penpont and Tynron and all the householders in the village of Thornhill.

Barony of Drumlanrig Rental 1818 Includes around 200 farm tenants across the parishes of Durisdeer, Morton, Closeburn, Penpont, Tynron, Keir & Dunscore

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Eskdale Farm Rental 1714 transcribed from Buccleuch Estate Records. Includes about 100 rentals in the parishes of Wauchope, Stablegordon, Eskdalemuir & Ewes. This includes farms which were later part of Langholm and Westerkirk parishes.

Eskdale Farm Rental 1766-1767 transcribed from Buccleuch Estate Records. Includes over 100 rentals in the parishes of Langholm, Westerkirk, Eskdalemuir & Ewes. Lots of Beatty, Little and Scott tenants in particular.

Eskdale Farm Rental 1814-1815 transcribed from Buccleuch Estate Records. Includes about 100 rentals in the parishes of Eskdalemuir, Ewes, Langholm and Westerkirk

Century of Eskdale Rentals covering the century between 1714 and 1814. Rentals from 1714, 1766 and 1814 available as a bundle (zip file) for a special price. What is notable when comparing these rentals is the way that successive generations of a family often inherited the tenancy of a particular farm. Beattie, Little and Scott names are particularly in evidence.

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Liddesdale Farm Rental 1630

Liddesdale Farm Rental 1681

Liddesdale Farm Rental 1720 Details all Buccleuch farm tenants in Liddesdale plus all landowners paying teind duty. Lots of Armstrong and Elliot tenants included.

Liddesdale Farm Rental 1738-1739 Details of about 100 farm tenants in Liddesdale

Liddesdale Farm Rental 1766-1767 Details all Buccleuch farm tenants in Liddesdale plus all landowners paying teind duty

Liddesdale Farm Rental 1792-1793 Details all Buccleuch farm tenants in Liddesdale plus all landowners paying teind duty

Liddesdale Farm Rental 1814-1815

Bundle of ALL Liddesdale Rentals 1630-1833 All 7 of the Liddesdale Rental documents available on this site (1630, 1681, 1720, 1738-39, 1766-1767, 1792-93, 1814-15, 1833) available as a bundle (zip file) for a special price. What is notable when comparing these rentals is the way that successive generations of a family often inherited the tenancy of a particular farm.

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Barony of Sanquhar Rental 1794-1795 Includes all Buccleuch tenants in the parishes of Sanquhar and Kirkconnell.

Barony of Sanquhar Rental 1818 Includes all Buccleuch tenants in the parishes of Sanquhar and Kirkconnell.


Teviotdalehead Rental 1814-1815 transcribed from Buccleuch Estate Records. This includes all the Buccleuch farm properties in the parishes of Hawick, Cavers, Roberton, Wilton and Minto. Note that the parish of Teviothead didn’t come into being until 1830 – Teviothead farms are include in this Rental document. It also lists when each lease or tack was taken out and how many years it applied for.

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